There is no doubt in the fact that water is a natural gift for the survival of the living. Be it humans, animals or even plants, water is essential for all. Water that originates from natural sources is impure and not fit from drinking. Though the human race is to blame for such polluted form of water, cleaning water to be free from all kinds of impurities becomes important. Thus for making water hygienic and fit for drinking, purifying water is a job that must be done on priority basis.
Drinking water is the purest form of water that is blended with requisite amounts of magnesium, iron, barium, etc. However, artificial treatment of impure water is required for making water drinkable. Water treatment plants exist that make the job simplified by processing water through several stages to get packaged drinking water that, in turn, can be sold further.
There are a number of technical aspects that need to be looked after when a drinking water plants are established. The following section will put some light on the technicalities and on how to handle them.
An Insight into the Technical Aspects
- Processing and Bottling
Once a water treatment plant has been established, and drinking water plant cost has been worked upon, the real work starts i.e. processing and bottling. This process is important for attaining water in its purest form. The process starts with raw or impure water getting accumulated in tanks. A known quantity of water is then treated with alum so that coagulation can take place. This makes sure that all the insoluble impurities get settled. After that reverse osmosis is done so that the remaining impurities get filtered. Further chlorination is conducted, that makes the water rid of bacteria and other water-borne germs.
Further, the water is passed through sand filters for getting rid of any residual impurities. After that, carbon filtration is done for eliminating odor and color. What come next are the micro fillers followed by ultraviolet treating systems that act as a disinfectant. After all the treatment process gets completed, automatic bottling of drinking water is done which is then sealed using capping machines embedded with an ozone generator.
- Quality Control And Standards
Maintaining quality standards is highly important for a bottling water plant. As per the industry set standards drinking water needs to be bottled in PET packing. This is defined under IS:14543:1998 and IS:13428:1998 packaged drinking water IS specifications.
Also, the drinking water plant needs to have an ISO 9001: 2000 certification in order to make their working quality standards at par the global standards of the industry.
- Pollution Control
It is to be a noted fact that a drinking water plant is not that dangerous to the environment around. But for safety reasons, the premises need to obtain a “No Objection Certificate” from the concerned authorities such as the state control board. It is also recommended that the water treatment plants should develop a kitchen garden around the premises in order to use wastewater coming from the treatment processes.
- Energy Conservation
There also exist regulations for ensuring proper usage of energy and electricity. It is highly advised to conduct periodic audits around the premises so as to make sure machinery is not used above its capacity. When not in use treatment machinery should be switched off for saving energy. Also, high technology equipment should be used that conserve less energy.
These were some technical aspects that need to be taken seriously when establishing a packaged drinking water plant. From packaging to maintaining quality, pollution and energy standards, everything should be taken care of, for establishing a good working environment.