Water gives life, but it can also be a life-taking lethal fluid if unclean. Many people die every year around the world because of the consumption of unhygienic and poor quality of water. The World Health Organization had declared that more than70% of diseases worldwide are waterborne.
Frighteningly, out of 600 districts in India, groundwater is deemed unfit for drinking in one-third of them. The levels of fluoride, iron, salinity and arsenic make it so.
Mineral water plants have been establishing now on a bigger scale in India, which contributes to the decline of deaths by waterborne diseases. Mineral water contains a large number of dissolved minerals that may offer some health benefits as well.
When industrial waste, human waste, animal waste, garbage, chemical effluents, and untreated sewage pollutes the water, low water quality becomes inevitable. When people have access to only polluted water, it leads to a raised level of waterborne diseases and infections such as toxoplasmosis, giardiasis and amoebiasis.
The contaminated water carries harmful viruses that can lead to food poisoning, and consumption of such water can lead to dangerous diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, meningitis and typhoid fever. When unclean water is used for bathing, it can cause infection and lead to skin and eye diseases like trachoma. Trachoma can result in visual impairment or complete blindness.
In India, it is the rural population that is more at risk from waterborne diseases due to lack of proper facilities. However, it can’t be said that non-rural or urban areas are entirely secure either due to lack of resources.
Getting completely safe water may not be in our hands but taking a step ahead and ensure you get access to safe water is an effort you must make or at the least, try and take some preventive measures from the waterborne diseases.
What can be done to safeguard yourself from these waterborne diseases?
Maintain personal hygiene
The first step towards protecting yourself from waterborne diseases is by maintaining personal hygiene. Wash your hands properly, especially at this time of crisis. Washing your hands is the safest way to get rid of germs from entering the body.
Drink water from safe sources
Untreated water is the biggest culprit to spread diseases, so make sure you are consuming water that come from reliable sources only. Buy mineral water bottles from reputed companies that are known for following strict purification procedures and conduct thorough quality tests.
Reputed and quality conscious companies follow multi-step water purification process when they set up their mineral water bottle plant. They subject their water to over 100 quality tests to ensure you get purity in every drop.
Avoid buying unbranded water from unknown companies; they may look clean but do not get deceived by its appearance. Do not buy it if you are unsure about the safety and purification methods of that bottled water.
Invest in a water purification system
Having water purification systems in your homes or work premises only ensures the safety of people consuming the water. No matter from which source your water comes from being it municipal system or well, the opportunities for contaminants to enter are equal. The best way to tackle this issue is by filtering your water through a water purification system.
Invest in a mineral water plant set up on industrial level
Mineral water plants produce mineral water on a bigger scale which benefits not just one but many. Consuming mineral water on a daily basis is very beneficial as its packed full of essential minerals like magnesium, calcium and potassium that your body needs.
Fix plumbing and leakages
Wet walls and leaking roofs can be a breeding ground bacteria and fungus that leads to harmful diseases. Check for leaks even in the main water pipeline that provides drinking water to septic tanks. When you find any leakages immediately fix them to avoid contamination of water. Make sure there is no stagnant water present at the premises in the receptacles of A/C, coolers, overhead tanks and so forth. Designate one day where you drain off all the receptacles and clean them. This will keep waterborne bacteria from breeding in.
Monitor the colour and odour of water
If you suspect any changes in colour or odour of your water immediately inform your local authorities, they will check whether there is contamination. Keep a periodic check on your tank and source of water to ensure your safety.