Fluoride is a chemical mineral that is easily found in your daily products like toothpaste, mouthwashes, and even your water. However, recently the concerns about the compound’s adverse health effects have arisen. Read on as we cover all things about fluoride and its impact on your health and well being.
As fluoride is naturally found in water sometimes, you can find a way to remove them from your drinking water plants altogether with the suggested methods.
What is fluoride?
Fluoride is a chemical element that comes from fluorine. It is commonly used in dentistry to strengthen enamel, and it also helps prevent cavities. It is even used in dental products like toothpaste and mouthwashes; it protects the teeth from the bacteria in plaque and helps avoid tooth decay. Fluoride is generally considered safe to consume. However, exposure to high levels of fluoride may lead to several health issues.
Why is there fluoride present in water?
Fluoride is also sometimes found in the local water supply in some areas. It can be found in both tap water and packaged drinking water. It is added to your water in small doses to help improve your oral health. If you want to find out if fluoride is added to your tap water or is it naturally occurring you can contact your municipality’s water department.
Potential hazards of fluoride
Some concerns arose regarding the potentially harmful effects of fluoride on people’s health. Here we have discussed some of the potential health issues caused due to excessive consumption of fluoride.
Tooth and bone damage
Excessively consuming fluoride, especially in drinking water, has the potential to cause dental fluorosis of teeth and bones. Excessive use of fluorosis makes the teeth and bones brittle and inelastic. Hence fluoride can result in joint damage, bone fracture, tooth injury, and even infection.
Excessive consumption of fluoride also becomes the leading cause of damaged parathyroid glands. The damage could trigger a continuous expulsion of parathyroid hormones. This causes the blood to develop an abnormally high calcium concentration which, as a result, causes the bones to start losing calcium.
Eventually, lower calcium levels in the bones will increase the possibility of fractures and breaks in those who have regular high-levels of fluoride intake.
Higher consumption of the mineral fluoride is linked with lower IQ levels. According to one study, those pregnant women who are exposed to higher concentrations of fluoride have a higher risk of giving birth to babies with weaker cognitive functions. Another study even termed fluoride as a neurotoxin which is potentially hazardous for cognitive development in children.
Additional Health concerns
Extreme fluoride exposure has been linked to other health problems like reproductive problems, cardiovascular issues, kidney diseases, bone cancer, arthritis, and skin problems.
How to remove fluoride from the water?
The method of reverse osmosis uses pressure which forces water across a permeable membrane allowing water molecules to pass through. The entire process separates fluoride along with other minerals and contaminants from the water, leaving pure fluoride-free water on the other side of the membrane.
These drinking water machines like RO plants are readily available to purchase for household use and industrial use as well. However, the aspect of Reverse Osmosis systems that should concern you is that while it removes fluoride, bacteria, and pesticides, it also removes calcium, iron, and other elements that may be good for your health.
The method of distillation is an affordable and effective one to remove fluoride from water. The process of distillation involves heating of water as the steam evaporates from the boiling water and captures it in another container leaving the fluoride and other contaminants behind. These water vapours later transition back into pure and distilled water upon cooling. Distillers are available to do the hard work for you; however, you can still try a DIY approach to distill your own water at home without any heavy-duty equipment.
Activated alumina is a solid form of aluminum oxide which is dehydroxylated in a way that produces a highly porous material. This porous material effectively absorbs fluoride, bacteria, and other contaminants from water and thus makes it a viable option for purifying water. However, these alumina filters only work on water with a pH of less than 8.5. for the removal of fluoride from water the water pH should be between 5 and 6. The contaminants are absorbed into the activated alumina granules as water passes through the filter resulting in pure water.
The process of activated alumina is a complicated one; it is best left to water treatment professionals. There are devices in the market available for you to buy.
What will not remove fluoride from water?
People mistakenly assume that boiling tap water will remove fluoride since it eliminates bacteria, organisms, and other contaminants from water. However, boiling the water instead increases concentration because as the water boils the vapours escape leaving the mineral behind.
The Bottom line
Although there is evidence that suggests that fluoride is good for your teeth and bones, its excess ingestion could actually trigger some severe health issues. If you find out the water you are using contains an unwanted concentration of the mineral, make sure you have it removed. While you do that, consider using proven methods and choose trusted professionals for the task. At Bottling India, we will be at your service whenever required, along with providing you with the premium quality packaged drinking water plant for your water treatment at the industrial level.